In autumn, many Jackdaws Coloeus monedula from northern and eastern Europe migrate over relatively short distances to winter in regions where the climate is less harsh, including Britain (Wernham et al. 2002). Records of the Fennoscandian-breeding ‘Nordic Jackdaws’ C. m. monedula in Britain date back to at least 1887 when one was at Easington in east Yorkshire on 23rd


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